Health and Fitness Course - Program Management

  • Learn new skills to manage fitness oriented services
  • Learn fitness program management including fitness testing, exercise programming and prescription.
  • Improve your current skills if you already work in the health and fitness industry

Prerequisites are either Health and Fitness I or a recognised fitness leaders certificate - You can speak with one of our Academic Officers in this department to check your current skills or experience can act as a prerequisite.

Home Study Course - Study Fitness Programming - Learn New Skills

  • Expand your skills
  • Advance your career
  • Learn from highly experience tutors
  • Understand the principles behind fitness program structure
  • Learn human anatomy and physiology for effective exercise 



There are 8 lessons as follows:

1. Fitness and Wellbeing

  • Defining terminology
  • What is wellbeing
  • Emotional or mental health
  • Structural health
  • Chemical health
  • Natural body cycles
  • Why exercise
  • Enhancing normal health with exercise
  • Food combining
  • Exercise at different stages of life
  • Stabilizing metabolism during middle age
  • Exercise for disease prevention
  • Old age
  • Understanding and managing stress

2. Fitness Physiology and Anatomy

  • Anaerobic energy supply
  • Lactic acid energy
  • Aerobic energy supply
  • Energy needed for different types of activity
  • Muscles: how muscles move, types of muscle
  • What muscle causes what movement
  • Problems during exercise: e.g. fatigue

3. Management of Fitness Testing Services

  • Reasons for fitness testing
  • Safety
  • First aid
  • Legal liability
  • Negligence
  • Providing protection

4. Designing Fitness Tests

  • What should be tested
  • Sequence of testing
  • Body weight, Water, Fat testing
  • Cardiorespiratory endurance
  • Muscle strength and endurance
  • Criteria for designing fitness tests
  • Procedure for constructing a new fitness test series

5. Resistance Training

  • Principles of resistance training
  • Principles of exercise
  • Overload principle
  • Specificity
  • Types of resistance training

6. Developing an Exercise Programme

  • Features of an exercise program
  • Typical design process
  • Types of exercise
  • Developing physique
  • Cardiorespiratory endurance
  • Structure of an aerobic training session

7. Managing an Exercise Programme

  • Training response
  • Exercises for specific problems: back, shoulders, trunk, arms,legs
  • Weight control
  • Energy expenditure

8. Leading a Fitness Programme

  • Leadership concepts
  • Leadership responsibilities
  • Shared leadership
  • Leadership communication


Duration: 100 hours



  • Explain the relationship between fitness and wellbeing.
  • Determine a persons level of health and fitness according to physiological data.
  • Manage fitness testing services to a standard practiced in gymnasiums and health clubs.
  • Design Fitness Tests to a standard practiced in gymnasiums and health clubs.
  • Explain the management of resistance training, including equipment and exercise programs.
  • Develop an exercise program.
  • Manage exercise programs, including monitoring and recommendations.
  • Effectively lead a fitness program, to any number of people, including large groups or on an individual basis.


  • Explain symptoms of common problems that may occur during exercise, including: dizziness, hyperventilation, nausea or asthma.
  • Describe procedures to follow in response to problems occurring during exercise
  • Explain how to cater for special needs of the following different demographic groups during exercise:
    • Pregnant women
    • The elderly
    • Paraplegics
  • Describe examples of different people who experience poor health, but a good state of wellbeing.
  • List physiological characteristics which can be used to indicate a persons health and fitness level.
  • Describe the structure of skeletal muscle the upper arm.
  • Compare anaerobic with aerobic energy systems.
  • Explain how cardiovascular responses may vary, according to varying intensities of specific type of exercise.
  • Explain the physiology of muscular fatigue related to varying levels of exercise.
  • Explain factors related to hypertrophy/atrophy of muscle tissue, in a specific situation.
  • Differentiate between a fitness assessment undertaken by a fitness leader and a comprehensive assessment of health carried out by a health practitioner.
  • Explain the purpose, including limitations, of fitness testing in a summary.
  • Complete a pre-testscreening procedure to identify risk levels in a client, using a standard questionnaire.
  • Explain procedures to manage legal liability when conducting fitness tests in your locality.
  • Demonstrate a series of five different fitness tests, commonly used in health clubs or gymnasiums.
  • Analyse the results of fitness tests conducted.
  • Define in one sentence each, resistance training terminology, including:
    • Repetitions
    • Sets
    • Resistance (load)
    • Repetition maximum
    • Rest
  • Explain different resistance training concepts including:
    • Overload principle
    • Isotonic contraction
    • Isometric contraction
    • Eccentric contraction
    • Isokenetic contraction
  • Explain different resistance training methods, including:
    • Isotonic programs
    • Isometric programs
    • Isokenetic programs
    • Eccentric programs
  • Compare different items of equipment commonly used for resistance training.
  • Explain the proper use of five different resistance training machines; in accordance with manufacturers instructions.
  • Identify hazards associated with use of different items of resistance training equipment.
  • Develop guidelines for the care of weight training equipment.
  • Compare the use of a specified weight machine by three different people in an analytical report.
  • Prepare using illustrations, and step by step instructions, a modified exercise program.
  • Explain the exercise program you developed.
  • Explain different motivational techniques which are appropriate to use during, fitness instruction.
  • Explain different counselling techniques which may be appropriate to use during fitness instruction.
  • Explain an appropriate style of leadership to use during fitness instruction in a specified situation which you are familiar with.
  • Explain the use of teaching principles to explaining a specific exercise technique.
  • Explain differences in approach to leading different numbers of people in a fitness session.
  • Demonstrate leading a fitness session with a group of four or more participants

Three Aspects to Health 

1. Emotional or Mental health: Healthy thoughts & attitudes. Our emotional health, which sometimes referred to as emotional intelligence, plays an enormous, and often unrealised, role in someone’s overall health and fitness state. If someone is suffering from mental health difficulties, they may attend counselling or psychotherapy to ‘unlock’ previous emotional turmoil and then actually use their past emotional trauma in order to grow and develop their emotional intelligence, thereby improving their overall emotional health by doing so.

2. Structural Health: The health of the body is structurally sound the bones, muscles, organs etc. are physically in good condition and not damaged – performing the functions they should perform. Structural or physical health can be determined by considering someone’s height/weight ratio, their body mass index (BMI), their resting heart rate and recover time after exercise. Note – the lower the resting heart rate, the healthier the heart is as this indicates the strength of the heart muscle is in good condition for pumping blood around the body.

3. Chemical Health: The chemicals in our body are correct there are no toxic chemicals the tissues are made up of the appropriate balance of nutrients etc. Chemicals, both naturally occurring and man-made, often get into the human body. We may inhale them, swallow them, or in some cases, absorb them through skin. Often the body is able to breakdown chemicals or excrete them, thus reducing the accumulation of chemicals and the often harmful consequences of ‘toxic overload’. Human health is affected depending on the frequency and/or duration of exposure, patterns of exposure and of course the properties of the chemicals themselves. Some chemicals damage or kill cells and tissues, whereas others, may affect genetic material (DNA) directly, altering it and causing cancer as a result.

Conventional medicine, the model of established Western medicine, tends to concentrate on only some aspects of this three point analysis. Alternative or complementary medicine does not replace conventional medicinal techniques, but can be used in conjunction with them. Also, mind-body medicines are therapeutic practices which recognise the ways in which emotional factors influence body health. All medicinal practices could be interlinked or combined to ensure ‘health’ is achieved and maintained.



Start running small programs with family and friends to get practice and that way when you approach an employer, you can show them examples of your experience..! This is going to set you aside from the others who are applying for the job.

Be flexible. When starting out you will most probably be expected to work unsocial hours - accept this or your job will seem like a chore and your enthusiasm for it will be lost which will come across to your clients/groups.

Try to build on your personal reputation. Be professional, be punctual, be prepared. If you can carry out fitness programs which people have enjoyed and reaped the benefits from ask them for references.  The more references or testimonials you can get the more you can talk up the quality of your programs next time round.

Get to know your clients' needs and preferences.  This level of attention to someone's personal needs will be appreciated and will encourage positive word of mouth publicity about the courses you run or manage.  If you move to a new place of work - some of your client's may follow to where you are - this will impress the boss!


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